Your skincare journey cannot truly begin if you don’t know your skin type. Not all products and ingredients work the same way for everyone—you need to know how your skin reacts to specific products and ingredients to establish a skincare routine that works for your particular type.
There are five main skin types: dry, oily, combination, normal, and sensitive. If you have oily skin and use a cleanser that’s too harsh, it can signal your skin to create even more oil. If you have dry skin and use a heavy moisturizer, it can decrease oil production and even more dehydrated skin.
Finding the right balance of products that work for your skin can take a bit of time and effort. However, healthy, glowing skin is worth all of that and more.
How to Determine Your Skin Type
Here are a few methods of determining your skin type so you can put together a working skincare routine:
- The Bare Face Method
Step 1: Wash your face using a mild cleanser.
Step 2: Pat your face dry and leave your skin bare of any other products for 30 minutes.
Step 3: Observe your skin. Take note of any oily spots or sections that feel dry.
Step 4: Wait another 30 minutes and note any further observations.
If your entire face is shiny, you have oily skin. If you make facial expressions and your skin feels tight, you have dry skin. If your T-zone (along the bridge of your nose and forehead) is noticeably shiny, but the rest of your face is normal or dry, you have combination skin.
- The Blotting Method
Step 1: Pat blotting paper on different areas of your face. Make sure to pat gently and avoid rubbing it in.
Step 2: Hold the sheet up to the light and see how much oil is visible.
This method is much faster and will only take a few minutes. If the blotting sheet picks up little to no oil, you have dry skin. If it’s saturated with oil, you likely have oily skin. If you only pick up oil from your forehead or nose area, you have combination skin.
How to Care for Your Skin Type
Now that you know your skin type, you can try products and ingredients to meet your skin’s specific needs.
- Oily Skin
Excess oil production can lead to clogged pores and blemishes. A gentle exfoliator can balance your skin tone and prevent oil buildup. If you use a harsh face wash, your skin may become irritated and increase oil production.
- Dry Skin
Your skin needs a lot of moisture, so the best facial cleansers for dry skin include hyaluronic acid and squalane. Increasing your daily water intake can also help your skin look better.
A Daima’s Kalahari Queen Facial Oil is a supercharged blend that contains the world’s most nourishing oils for dry skin. These include Kalahari melon oil (antioxidant), Marula oil (soothes irritation), Ximenia oil (treats dehydrated skin), and Mongongo oil (relieves irritated skin).
- Normal/Combination Skin
The easiest way to skin for combination skin is to look for products formulated for all skin types. This will help you balance oiliness and dryness on your skin.
- Sensitive Skin
Visible redness and a tight, uncomfortable feeling all over the face characterize sensitive skin. Some experimentation is needed to determine how your skin will react to certain products. Avoid sulfates, parabens, and synthetic fragrances.
The efficacy of your skincare routine hinges on your specific skin type. All the products and ingredients you choose should provide your skin with what it needs to be healthy. If you’re getting acne breakouts or patches of irritated skin, it’s likely time to adjust your routine and try other products.
Need more? Take our Skin Type Quiz to find your best match within our plant-based, fragrance-free skin care line that uses all-natural ingredients and nutrient-rich oils from Africa and the Amazon.